2016-02-08 (Monday)

Today, I learned that:

The increasing threat of epidemics caused by the Aedes aegypti mosquito has led to huge efforts in Brazil to inform the population about which actions must be taken to control the spreading of the mosquito and hence the diseases it may cause.

Aedis PR

Below is a flyer distributed in the Southern State of Paraná by the Health Secretariate. Furthermore, their agents perform regular visits to all houses to inform the population and check that the actions are being taken.

I think it is interesting also for those who live in areas where the risk of transmission by the mosquito is very low, in order to show to serious the matter is. The reference below also contains a link to download the original flyer.

Here is a complete translation into English of the flyer:

“THE DANGER HAS INCREASED

DENGUE, ZIKA AND CHIKUNGUNYA

CAUTION SHOULD ALSO INCREASE

The diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti have increased, Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya. There has also been found a relationship between the Zika virus and microencephaly in babies. Eliminating the breeding places of Aedes aegypti is the best prevention! No still water, the mosquito does not reproduce and you are free of these diseases.

Make sure that where you live there are no potential mosquito outbreaks. Mark with an “X” after performing each step.

PLASTIC AND GLASS BOTTLES
The bottles shall be packed and discarded properly in the trash bin. Not discarded glass bottles should be stored in a covered place or upside down.

DRAINS
Cover the drains with screens or keep them sealed, especially those who are out of use.

SLABS
Don’t let water accumulate on the slabs. Keep them dry.

TOILET BOWLS
Leave the lid closed or seal the bowl with plastic. Flush the toilet at least once a week, in the case of bathrooms with little use.

GUTTERS AND CHUTES
Clean and level them. Keep them without leaves and other objects that may prevent the water flow.

SWIMMING POOLS
Keep the pool clean. Use chlorine to treat water and filter it periodically. Perform the cleaning regardless if the pool is used or not.

WATER COLLECTORS IN REFRIGERATOR AND AIR CONDITIONER
On the back of some refrigerators there is a water trap. Wash it once a week with soap and water. The same should be done with the air-conditioner trays.

PLANTS THAT ACCUMULATE WATER
Avoid having bromeliads and other plants that can accumulate water. If you have any of these plants, weekly remove the accumulated water on the leaves.

SHARDS OF GLASS ON THE WALLS
Seal with cement or break all the pieces that may hold water.

EMPTY BUCKETS AND PLANT POTS
Store them in a covered place and with the opening against the ground.

MINERAL WATER JUG HOLDER
Always wash when exchanging them. Keep them tightly sealed when not in use.

CRACKS IN THE PLASTER
Repair and level all imperfections in floors and places that may hold water.

WATER BOXES, TANKS AND WELLS
Keep them closed and sealed. Cover those which do not have covers with screens.

OBJECTS THAT MAY ACCUMULATE WATER
Place in a plastic bag, close tightly and properly dispose of in the garbage bottle caps, egg shells, cans, plastic and glass containers, disposable cups, among others.

CASKS AND WATER TANKS
Keep them sealed. Those who have no lid should be brushed inside once a week and covered with fabric or screen.

CANISTERS WITH WATER FOR ANIMALS
The pet water bowls should be thoroughly washed with running water and soap at least twice a week.

LAKES, CASCADES AND DECORATIVE WATER FRONTS
Keep them clean with water treated with chlorine or fill them with sand. Create fish because they feed on the larvae of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Still, cleaning is critical.

WASTE, RUBBLE AND OLD TIRES
Keep your home clean, both its interior as the backyard. Rubble and garbage must be disposed of properly in order to not accumulate water. Keep the tires in a covered place or drill holes so they do not accumulate water.

PLANT POT SAUCERS
Keep them clean and put sand up to the edge.

TRASH CANS, BOTH INDOORS AND OUTDOORS
Keep the trash capped and protected from rain. Close the plastic bag well.

KEEP THIS FLYER IN A VISIBLE PLACE. REPEAT THESE ACTIONS AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK AND KEEP THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH YOU LIVE FREE OF THE MOSQUITO WHICH TRANSMITS DENGUE, ZIKA AND CHIKUNGUNYA.

PARANÁ
STATE HEALTH SECRETARIATE”

… That’s what I learned in school!

Aedis1

Aedis2

Refs.:

1: O perigo aumentou

+: What did you learn in school today ?

2016-01-28 (Torsdag)

Idag har jag lärt mig, att:

Ett virus som sprids med en mygga är ett stort problem som diskuteras idag på Världshälsoorganisationen. Zikaviruset framkallar zikafeber och myggan, som kallas Aedes aegypti, är också skyldig till att sprida andra febersjukdomar, såsom dengue feber, chikungunya och den välkända gula febern.

Här i Brasilien, där vi sedan några år tillbaka har sett en utbredning av dengue feber i många storstadsregioner börjar man nu också att misstänka att de många fallen av mikrocefali, där foster bara utvecklar förkrympta hjärnor, kan förorsakas av zikaviruset.

Bertolazzi

Don’t complain about the crisis. Work. Be creative. Do like Aedes aegypti, who started small and today is well succeeded with 3 products in the market

Dagens Vetandets Värld i SR P1 behandlade just zikaviruset under titeln “Zikaviruset utmanar Brasiliens forskare”. Jag rekommenderar varmt att de som är intresserade lyssnar på programmet, där man också tar upp frågorna om det kan vara farligt att resa till Brasilien under karnevalen och sommar-OS. Se referens 4 nedan.

Uppdatering 2016-01-30: Lotten Collin, SRs Latinamerikakorrespondent, rapporterar om kriget mot myggorna i Colombia. Se referens 5 nedan.

Uppdatering 2016-01-31: Statsepidemiolog Anders Tegnell på Folkhälsomyndigheten tillfogar fakta om historik och nuläge i dagens program av SR P1 Godmorgon, världen. Se referens 6 nedan.

Flamingos+

Flamingos in Parque das Aves, Foz de Iguaçu, PR, Brazil

Ytterligare en intressant iakttagelse, gjord av SR P1 Vetenskapsradions nyheter i morse, referens 7 nedan: Varför är en del flamingos skära? Jo, det beror på att deras föda är rik på karotenoider. I annat fall skulle de bara se slätstruket grå ut, och det skulle ju göra bilden på flamingona ovan bra mycket tristare.

Allra sist: Som du kan se av undertiteln till min blogg så har jag nu registrerat internetadressen “Medieborgaren.se”. Skriv in den adressen i din webbläsare och du kommer automatiskt att hamna i denna blogg.

… Slut för idag, tack för idag!

(This post deals with the zika virus that is spreading fast now, and which has led to an emergency at WHO. The Swedish radio program in reference 4 below contains quite some material in English.)

Refs.:

1: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_virus

2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aedes_aegypti

3: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microcephaly

4: http://sverigesradio.se/sida/avsnitt/668073?programid=412

5: http://sverigesradio.se/sida/avsnitt/667807?programid=4734

6: http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=438&artikel=6357340

7: http://sverigesradio.se/sida/avsnitt/668053?programid=406

+: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VucczIg98Gw