2016-06-06 (Måndag)

Idag lärde jag mig, att:

Även om Sveriges Nationaldag, som firas idag den 6 juni, har flerhundraåriga traditioner så är det bara sedan 2005 som den också är helgdag. Innan dess var den känd som Svenska Flaggans dag, och som sådan celebrerar den idag ett jämnt sekel. Referens nummer 1 nedan, från SR Vetenskap Historia, förtäljer mer om detta.

Nationaldagen

The Swedish Nation Day is celebrated on June 6, when nature shows its most splendid face. This photo was taken on 1997-06-06.

Och även om religion inte hör till mina favoritintressen, så är det ju aktuellt nu när de kyrkliga i allt större grad börjar slå mynt av sin tro. Därför måste jag naturligtvis registrera vad som hände igår, när påven förklarade Sveriges andra katolska helgon, efter Sankta Birgitta. Hon föddes som Eggvena Bråttensby Skytteförening i Fåglavik, som numera tillhör min födelsekommun, Herrljunga. I programmet om Svenska Flaggan berättas också hennes livshistoria, och i dagens nyheter från SR Sjuhärad, referens nummer 2 nedan, berättar min förre klubbkompis i Eggvena Bråttensby Skytteförening, numera kommunalrådet Jonny Karlsson, om sitt “officiella besök” i Rom för att närvara vid ceremonin och hur kommunen tänker dra nytta av händelsen.

Petersplatsen

Petersplatsen i Rom 2016-06-05. Foto Mats Bjurbom

Slutligen, dagens svenska samhälle är ju alltmer kosmopolitiskt, och islam breder ut sig, invandrad med de senaste årens flyktingar. Idag påbörjas Ramadan, muslimernas heliga månad, när Koranen påbjuder att de troende avhåller sig från all mat och dryck från soluppgång till solnedgång. Det är nog OK om man bor i de arabiska länderna, men hur klarar de som befinner sig i Sverige med dess midnattssol? Ekot har svaret, referens nummer 3, om semester i utlandet och undantagsregler.

(This post in Swedish deals with three different current matters: the Swedish National Day being celebrated today; the second ever Swedish Catholic Saint proclaimed yesterday; and the difficulties of Muslims living in Sweden to abide to the fasting period during Ramadan.)

… Tack för idag, slut för idag!

Refs.:

1: 100 år av flaggviftande och Sveriges andra katolska helgon

2: Helgonet Hesselblad höjer Herrljunga

3: Tuff muslimsk fasta i sommartid

+: What did you learn in school today ?

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2016-04-03 (Söndag)

Idag lärde jag mig, att:

Vår värld är verkligen varierad, även om det finns likheter mellan Norr och Syd. Till exempel är det som så att fler och fler politiker av olika färg och nationaliteter börjar ertappas med att först ta vara på sig själva och skicka “sina” pengar till något skatteparadis.

Så har det varit länge i Brasilien, även om det som nu håller på att avslöjas överstiger allt som vi har hört talas om tidigare. I dagens God morgon världen i SR P1 rapporterade SRs korrespondent i Latinamerika, Lotten Collin, om en brasiliansk satirsajt som verkligen har lyckats fånga situationen på ett kusligt sätt. Lyssna på reportaget i referens nummer 1 nedan.

Och i samma program fanns det också ett intressant inslag om hur man använder hundar i Kambodja för att tillaga deliciösa maträtter. Reporter där var Alex Kronholm. Hör inslaget i referens nummer 2 nedan.

BVI

(Skatte)Paradiset Brittiska Jungfruöarna. Foto AP

Så slutligen i Ekot kvart i sex fanns det också ett inslag från Island, där man har upptäckt att statsministerns fru föredrar att placera pengar på Brittiska Jungfruöarna. Reporter ännu en gång, den välbereste Alex Kronholm! Hör inslaget i referens nummer 3 nedan.

… Tack för idag, slut för idag!

(Today’s post deals with three different reports from around the world, all in Swedish, namely from Brazil, Cambodia and Iceland.)

Refs.:

1: Politisk satir i krisens Brasilien

2: Stulna hundar på matbordet i Kambodja

3: Islands regering skakas av en skatteskandal

+: What did you learn in school today ?

2016-03-23 (Wednesday)

Today, I learned that:

I should have told you more things yesterday, but the events in Brussels made me forget it.

In the beginning of 1982, there was a Canadian couple who was worried about the violence in the world and therefore thinking about moving to a quiet place where they could live in peace and let their children grow up in harmony with nature. So they spun the globe, closed their eyes and pointed at a spot. They liked the result and started to prepare for the big move, which they finally made in September, 1982. Their new home was located in a town called Port Stanley. They were still decorating their house when hell broke loose! In October, their cosy little town became the battle ground between Argentina and Great Britain, in the Falklands / Malvinas war!

But frankly speaking, to live in a small city in Brazil should not pose very big risks for terrorist attacks, more about me and Brazil tomorrow.

This morning, Radio Sweden presented two more interesting pieces of scientific news. The first one, references #1 and 2 below, is a fish that is both mother and father to its offspring.

herm-fish

This fish, a hybrid of two cichlids, does it all by her&himself. Photo: Xavier David/(CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

And the second one is a revolutionary material which researchers in Arizona want to employ to gather carbon dioxide from the air. Their invention should be able to collect 1 ton of CO2 every day, see reference #3 below.

Today is my blog post # 73, which reminds me of when I was younger and engaged in DX-ing and HAM radio. 73 was the code which meant “Best regards”, commonly used in all contacts between radio amateurs. See reference #4 for origin and more codes.

… That’s what I learned in school & 73 !

Refs.:

1: Ensam fisk lyckades bli både mamma och pappa

2: Hybridization generates a hopeful monster: a hermaphroditic selfing cichlid

3: Plastmatta fångar in koldioxid från atmosfären

4: On the Origin of “73”

+: What did you learn in school today ?

2016-01-18 (Segunda-feira)

Hoje eu aprendi, que:

Mesmo conseguindo se safar nas florestas da Islândia, estando nas rodovias brasileiras também é possível se perder.

E o que você faz se de repentente o celular e GPS não funcionam, não há mapa no carro, etc.? Aí, pode ser útil saber um pouco sobre a nomenclatura das rodovias, o seja, o que significam os códigos? Suscintamente é o seguinte:

As rodovias brasileiras federais são de cinco tipos diferentes, radiais, longitudinais, transversais, diagonais e de ligação, todas com a numeração do tipo BR-ABC.

O dígito A=0 é empregado para 8 rodovias radiais, que partem da capital federal, Brasilia-DF, para os extremos do país, sendo o mais comprido destas BR-020, que vai até Fortaleza, numa extensão de 2.038 km.

O dígito A=1 significa as 14 rodovias longitudinais, que vão do norte ao sul do país. Os dígitos BC são de 01 a 49, quando a rodovia fica no lado leste de Brasília, começando no extremo leste na direção a Brasília. No lado oeste de Brasília, a sequência começa em 51 até chegar em 99 no extremo oeste do país. Exemplos disso são BR-101 que vai de Touros (RN) a Rio Grande (RS), numa distância de 4.551 km, BR-116 de Fortaleza (CE) a Porto Alegre (RS), 4.566 km, BR-153 de Marabá (PA) a Aceguá (RS), medindo 3.566 km e BR-174 de Cáceres (MT) até a fronteira com Venezuela, totalizando 2.798 km.

O dígito A=2 compreende as 20 rodovias transversais, que atravessam o país do leste ao oeste. Para a númeração secundaria, os dígitos BC de 01 a 49 vão do extremo norte até a altura de Brasília, e de 51 a 99 para as rodovias que ficam cada vez mais para o sul, a partir de Brasília. Exemplos deste tipo de rodovias são BR-210 de Macapá (AP) até a fronteira com Colômbia, 2.454 km, BR-230 de Cabedelo (PB) a Benjamin Constant (AM), 4.965 km, BR-251 de Ilhéus (BA) a Cuiabá (MT), 2.418 km, e BR-272 de São Paulo (SP) a Guaíra (PR), extensão 904 km.

O dígito A=3 é utilizado para 30 rodovias diagonais, sendo 14 na direção geral do noroeste ao sudeste com o dígito C par, p.ex. BR-316 de Belém (PA) a Maceió (AL), 2.062 km, e BR-364 de Limeira (SP) até a fronteira com Peru, 4.141 km. As outras 16 rodovias diagonais, na direção geral do nordeste ao sudoeste possuem o dígito C impar, p.ex. BR-349 de Aracajú (SE) a Posse (BA), 1.242 km, e BR-369 de Oliveira (MG) a Cascavel (PR), numa distância de 1.232 km. O dígito B varia de 0 a 4 se a direção geral da rodovia estiver ao norte de um outro diagonal paralelo que atravessa Brasília e de 5 a 9 se estiver ao sul deste diagonal de referência de Brasília.

Finalmente, o dígito A=4 é utilizado para o restante das rodovias federais, chamadas rodovias de ligação. Atualmente, há 77 rodovias deste tipo, que possuem um papel de apoio aos outros tipos de rodovias federais, descritos acima. Exemplos destas rodovias são BR-401 de Boa Vista (RR) até a fronteira com a Guiana, 199 km, BR-407 de Piripri (PI) a Anagé (BA), 1.470 km, e BR-488 da Basílica de Aparecida (SP) à rodovia BR-116, 3 km.

Mais detalhes constam na referência abaixo.

Num outro post futuro vou descrever a nomenclatura das rodovias estaduais no Brasil.

… Por hoje é so!

(This post in Brazilian Portuguese deals with the system for numbering of the Brazilian federal highways.)

Ref.:

1: Nomenclatura das rodovias federais

+: What did you learn in school today ?

2016-01-17 ( Sunnudagur)

cropped-20090802o.jpg

Reykjavik Harbour, Iceland

Today, I learned that:

It is important to know where you are, so that you can get out if you get lost. For instance, if you would get lost in the forests of Iceland, how would you call for help????

The answer is: Stand up, so that others may see you! There are no forests in Iceland, but there are so many other interesting things that a person may want to see. This barren landscape is full of amazing objects. In another post, I will talk more about the subterranean activities that make Iceland such a different country to visit. (To be entirely correct, there are some forests in Iceland. UN data from 2010 indicate that 0,3 % of the total area of Iceland is covered by forests!)

Did you know that the inhabitants in Reykjavik, the capital where more than 40 % of all Icelanders live, do not have to worry about water supply? The big city water tower, that other cities use to distribute drinking water, instead takes care of supplying hot water to its citizens, and also lodges an exhibition of the early history of Iceland. Some years ago, a team of researchers from USA investigated the purity of the Icelandic water and were puzzled when their precise equipment showed no sign of any contamination, whatsoever. They recalibrated the instruments, but the results were still the same! The Icelandic water is 100 % pure, so using it when brewing beer is of course a breeze. One of the best beers is fittingly called Viking!

20090803o

Maria José enjoys a Viking or two !

The Vikings also brought their Scandinavian language with them when they invaded Iceland in the 9th century AD, and it has changed very little since then. Even the fact that recently there was an American military base on Iceland did not permit the Icelandic language to get heavily contaminated with foreign words. When there is a need for a new word due to some new invention, the Icelanders create new domestic words based upon their language traditions. Examples are sími (telephone), sjonvarp (television), tölva (computer), skriftstofa (office), skyr (yoghurt), etc.

Thanks to Barbara and Camilla for helping me in my research.

… That’s what I learned in school!

Ref.:

+: What did you learn in school today ?